Ramingining is a mainland community located to the west of the Glyde River about 30 kms south east of Milingimbi Island, 580 km east of Darwin, 435 km by road west of Nhulunbuy and 30 km inland. Maningrida is 85kms by road to the West. The main Nhulunbuy- Katherine road is 100 kms to the south. Both roads linking Ramingining are dry season, four-wheel drive use only.
The community is located on the edge of the heritage listed Arafura Wetlands in Central Arnhem Land. There are 11 outstations belonging to Ramingining; Yatalamarra, Wulkarimirra, Ngangalala, Mulgurram, Garanydjirr, Galadjapin, Gattji, Gelirri, Manbbirri, Bundatharri and Gurulul. Population at these outstations is very much dependent on season and rainfall with occupancy ranging from 6 to 100.
The main language spoken is Djambarrpuyngu with another two main languages spoken, Dhuwala and Dhay’yi. In total there are 14 languages spoken across thirteen clan groups including English.
The East Arnhem Shire Council provides local government in Ramingining. Changes taking effect as of the 2012 Local Government Elections in March will see the introduction of two new Electoral Wards; created from the splitting of existing Ward Boundaries.
Ramingining will now reside in the newly created Ward of Birr Rawarrang. This will be one of six wards in the Shire and elects two (2) of the fourteen (14) council members. The Shire headquarters are in Nhulunbuy and it has a service delivery centre in Ramingining.
The Shire consults community members through the Local Board of 12 locally elected community members, the Ramingining Community Advisory Board.
The Northern Land Council, based in Darwin and with a regional office in Nhulunbuy, is the land council to the community. It is responsible for matters under the Aboriginal Land Rights (Northern Territory) Act 1976. This includes:
- checking, representing and responding to the wishes and opinions of local Indigenous people about legislation, tourism, development and commercial activities that affect traditional land, and
- helping traditional landowners claim, manage and protect the land.
All of Arnhem Land was proclaimed as an Aboriginal reserve in 1931. The Yolngu people have been recognised as holding native title rights to parts of East Arnhem Land.